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Why Do Banks Refuse Loans and What Can You Do?

Why Do Banks Refuse Loans and What Can You Do

You need to know the main reasons why banks refuse loans. This will help to avoid mistakes during application and increase the likelihood of approval. Some of them are less significant, others are fundamental and can be the main reason for refusal.

The difficult situation in the financial market makes banks more demanding of borrowers. Today they refuse loans more often, while they have the right not to explain why. There can be many reasons for this. The main ones are unsatisfactory solvency and bad credit history. But there are other nuances that affect the decision of the bank.

Solvency

To get a loan, you must prove your ability to repay your loan. To do this, you must provide a lot of documents. The fewer there are, the higher the probability of failure. Sometimes application is allowed without documentary evidence of income and employment. In such cases, the loan officer contacts the employing company to confirm the information.

In case you have an informal employment or have another type of income (social benefits, pension, scholarship) and need fast cash, there is a worthy alternative. You can apply for payday loans in CT online. The process involves no paperwork, no hard credit checks, no collateral. Borrower eligibility criteria are relaxed – you only need to be an adult US citizen or permanent resident who has a source of income and a personal bank account.

Credit history

When receiving loans and repaying them, you form a credit history, which is stored in the credit bureau. Banks use this information when a borrower is applying for a loan. If your financial reputation is damaged, you will get declined for a loan. Although some of them may deliberately take risks, in this case the interest rate will be high. Also, the reason why banks do not approve a loan may be zero credit history. This problem is often faced by young people aged 18-21 years.

False information

Some borrowers believe that if you “embellish” information about yourself, it will help you get approved for a loan. Actually this is not true. Banks carefully check personal data and documentation before issuing money. They call the client’s acquaintances, relatives, employer. All phone numbers, addresses and other data must be up-to-date. Practice shows that lies are quickly discovered and this becomes the reason why banks do not approve loans.

Such actions not only affect the decision of the bank but also the borrower’s credit history. It is possible that other financial institutions will not want to cooperate with such a client.

Non-compliance with bank requirements

Banks put forward certain requirements for borrowers. These include:

  • age restrictions;
  • seniority restrictions;
  • income requirements;
  • availability of collateral;
  • proof of income and employment;
  • proof of residence.

Other stop factors

If the client does not fit one of them, the bank will not be able to cooperate with him or her. But there are credit institutions with a more flexible approach, where each borrower is considered individually. Therefore, in some cases, deviation from the established requirements is possible. These are microfinance institutions that issue fast payday loans.

The decision of the bank can be influenced by both obvious things and things which sometimes we pay little attention to. Problems with the law are a good reason for a bank to refuse a loan. Even an expired criminal record can cause this, although financial institutions claim that this is not the case.

Unpaid taxes, utility bills or other obligatory payments indicate the insufficient solvency of the borrower. In this case, you are likely to get rejected.

Some loans are targeted. They are issued for certain purposes. If the bank has information that the money will be spent for other purposes, it will refuse a loan. This also applies to consumer loans. Financial institutions do not issue it for purposes related to entrepreneurial activity. Otherwise, the loan will not be approved.

A dangerous profession is a reason for refusal in many cases. A bank understands that the risks are high, so it does not issue a loan to such a category of borrowers.

If everything is in order with the information about the borrower, the bank’s decision may be influenced by information about the employer.

The company may be on the list of debtors, in the process of bankruptcy or liquidation. This is often the reason for rejection.

Banks take into account other information about the borrower:

  • sex;
  • marital status;
  • the presence of children;
  • existence of other obligations;
  • own housing;
  • education;
  • additional income;
  • ownership of securities.

All these factors are taken into account by the scoring system, which as a result gives an answer whether it is worth issuing a loan or not. Each bank has its own approach to assessing the borrower, so it is difficult to predict which factor will have a greater impact on the decision.

How to minimize the risk of getting rejected

Banks have the right to refuse a loan without giving reasons. If this happens, you can contact another financial institution, while preparing additional documents that confirm your solvency.

You need to check your credit history, sometimes it can be damaged due to a bank error. In this case, it is necessary to contact the financial institution where the client used to receive loans with the requirement to eliminate the error.

You must always provide true and complete information. Phone numbers should be working, if possible, you’d better provide more of them. If you have a small debt in other banks, you’d better pay it off.

When choosing a creditor bank, special attention should be paid to the requirements for the borrower. Small financial institutions strive to attract more clients and may have low requirements, including age, seniority or income.

If you are employed unofficially and are going to receive a large loan, it makes sense to talk with the employer so that you can be employed officially for 3-6 months. This will allow you to document your employment. Some employers go for it easily.

Insurance often becomes a factor playing in favor of the borrower. Thanks to this, you may get approved and also reduce the interest rate.

For those who cannot document solvency or who do not have a credit history, it is recommended to involve guarantors or co-borrowers. This will reduce the risks of the bank. If you have a co-borrower, you can borrow a larger amount, as the bank takes into account the total income.

If you were rejected by several financial institutions, you can try to reduce the requirements and apply for a smaller loan. If this option is not suitable, it is likely that you will not be able to get a loan without collateral. Banks rarely refuse secured loans. You can use your vehicle or real estate as security.

If possible, place a deposit or take a small loan, which should be returned without violations. Thus, you can earn the loyalty of the bank and get a loan on more favorable terms.